分类:Atypical Combinations and Scientific Impact

来自Big Physics
跳转至: 导航搜索


Brian Uzzi, Satyam Mukherjee, Michael Stringer, Ben Jones, Atypical Combinations and Scientific Impact, Science, 342(6157), 468-472(2013). DOI: 10.1126/science.1240474

Abstract

Novelty is an essential feature of creative ideas, yet the building blocks of new ideas are often embodied in existing knowledge. From this perspective, balancing atypical knowledge with conventional knowledge may be critical to the link between innovativeness and impact. Our analysis of 17.9 million papers spanning all scientific fields suggests that science follows a nearly universal pattern: The highest-impact science is primarily grounded in exceptionally conventional combinations of prior work yet simultaneously features an intrusion of unusual combinations. Papers of this type were twice as likely to be highly cited works. Novel combinations of prior work are rare, yet teams are 37.7% more likely than solo authors to insert novel combinations into familiar knowledge domains.

总结和评价

当一个研究工作把之前不太相关的连个主题联系起来的时候,这个工作的创新性比较大。那么,如何做文章主题识别,以及如何得到主题之间的已经存在已经得到过研究的关系呢?这篇文章所在的期刊把引文当做研究工作的主题的一种标志,把两个不同期刊第一次被放到一起看做创新性的一种粗糙度量。

最近有另外一篇文章[1]用了类似的思想对创新性做了讨论。

参考文献

  1. Rzhetsky, A., Foster, J. G., Foster, I. T. & Evans, J. A. Choosing experiments to accelerate collective discovery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112, 14569–14574 (2015).

本分类目前不含有任何页面或媒体文件。